Macular Degeneration is damage or breakdown of the central portion of our vision. The macula is a small area in the retina (back of the eye )that allows us to see fine details clearly. When the macula doesn’t function correctly, we experience blurriness or darkness in the center of our vision. Macular Degeneration affects both distance and close vision, and can make some activities – like threading a needle or reading – impossible.
Although Macular Degeneration reduces vision in the central part of the retina, it does not affect the eye’s side, or peripheral, vision. For example, you could see the outline of a clock but not be able to tell what time it is. Macular Degeneration alone does not result in total blindness. People continue to have some useful vision and are able to take care of themselves.
Macular Degeneration symptoms
What causes Macular Degeneration?
Many older people develop Macular Degeneration as part of the body’s natural aging process. The two most common types of age-related Macular Degeneration are ”Dry” (atrophic ) and ”Wet” (exudative).
What Is Macular Degeneration?
Dry Macular Degeneration (atrophic)
Most people have Dry Macular Degeneration. It is caused by aging and thinning of the tissues of the macula. Gradual loss of vision typically occurs. Please watch video above for more information.
Wet Macular Degeneration (exudative)
Wet Macular Degeneration accounts for about 10% of all cases. Abnormal blood vessels form in the back of the eye. These new blood vessels leak fluid or blood and damage the central vision. Vision loss can be rapid and severe. Please watch video above for more information.
Thankfully, more treatment options are now available for macular degeneration than ever before. For all patients with macular degeneration, smoking cessation is recommended. Sunglasses should be worn to limit UV exposure to the eyes, which may contribute to this disease.Research indicates that Vitamin A (beta carotene), Vitamin C, and Vitamin E may slow or even prevent AMD, so a healthy diet rich in these vitamins may play a vital role in maintaining your vision. Your physician can recommend specific vitamin supplements, which are proven to slow the progression of macular degeneration. Early detection and prevention are crucial to saving your vision.Please visit your eye care specialist regularly to help safeguard your vision and your desired quality of life.
Nutrition and Macular Degeneration
Macular Degeneration Treatment Overview
To find out if you have macular degeneration or what you can do to reduce your risk or slow the progression of macular degeneration, call West Texas Eye Associates of El Paso 915-591-4441 for an appointment.